Probate is the body of law dealing with the affairs of somebody when they have passed away. At Coyne Solicitors, we have a long tradition of handling Probate matters.
Probate means the formal proving of a will in the High Court and thus the appointment of a Legal Personal Representative of the deceased. If the deceased made a valid will it is called a Grant of Probate when is formally proven in the High Court. If there is no will and the person died Intestate the Grant is called a Grant of Administration.
To extract a Grant of Probate (or Administration) the following core documents must be completed:
In addition, the following may also be required:
Administration of an Estate can only proceed when the Grant of Probate issues from the High Court.
When the Grant of ProbateAdministration issues from the High Court the Executor (s) or Administrator(s) are appointed by the High Court as the Legal Personal Representatives of the deceased. The Legal Personal Representative then assumes all the legal power of the deceased. The first step is to receive in all the assets of the Estate. This might mean withdrawing monies from the banks/financial institutions. Cashing in life assurance policies, selling property. There may be any number of outstanding assets which must be received in. If the deceased was a party to any litigation the Legal Personal Representative will step into the shoes of the deceased and continue the litigation.
The Legal Personal Representative has a legal duty to pay all the lawful debts of the deceased. The debts must be paid in full before any distribution to the Residue Legatee/Devisee can take place.
This is a formal application to the High Court Probate Division for the appointment of Legal Personal Representative(s) (Executor (s))of a deceased who has executed a valid will.
Intestate means an Estate where the deceased did not execute a valid will. Even if they did make a will it may be deemed invalid for any number of technical reasons. For example if the will was not properly witnessed, if the person making the will did not have Testamentary Capacity (there is a test to establish if the Testator is capable of executing a will). The will may be struck down due to its physical condition. It may also be partially invalid if it does not deal with all the assets in the Estate.
In all of the above the Estate is deemed to be either Intestate or partially Intestate.
The following core documents are required to apply for the Grant of Administration:
In addition to the above, the following documents may also be required